Recurrent pregnancy loss (RPL) or recurrent miscarriage is defined as three or more consecutive losses before the twentieth week of the gestations. Surprisingly, spontaneous pregnancy loss is a quite common occurrence. Whereas approximately 15% of all clinically recognized pregnancies result in spontaneous miscarriage, there are many more pregnancies that fail prior to being clinically recognized. Therefore, there is a widespread concern in the couple, not carrying a pregnancy to term.
Recurrent abortion is caused by various issues, therefore, it is important to perform different types of studies in order to determine in a specific way the causes that cause them. In this way, after an accurate diagnosis, the patients can receive an appropriate treatment.
There are many syndromes associated with recurrent fetal loss, including genetic/chromosomal abnormalities, endocrine/hormonal abnormalities, anatomic anomalies, etc. Most pregnancy losses result from chromosomal, or genetic, abnormalities, and are random events. Also, a woman’s immune system may also play a role in recurrent pregnancy loss. Hormone abnormalities may also impact pregnancy loss, including thyroid disease and diabetes. Abnormalities in a mother’s blood clotting may also affect pregnancy loss.
Gestational surrogacy as a successful technique of assisted reproduction
In the case of not being able to carry out a normal pregnancy, couples have the option of gestational surrogacy. Through artificial insemination or in vitro fertilization (IVF), the conception of a new life is achieved.
In this way, thanks to the advancement of science, a person who has not been able to carry out a normal pregnancy, for whatever reason, has the option of becoming a parent through third-party reproduction.